Chain of Command in Germany in 1953

24th Transportation Company (Med Trk)

27th Transportation Battalion

10th Transportation Group


Our thanks to the website usarmygermany.com for providing this information.


 
27th Trans Trk Bn History (1949-1956)

27th Trans Bn (MC) History (1986-present)





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SUBORDINATE UNITS
SUBORD UNIT
STATION
CTRY
SUBORD UNIT
STATION
CTRY
10th Trans Co
Ludwigsburg
GE
100th Trans Co
Schweinfurt
GE
12th Trans Co
Kornwestheim
GE
109th Trans Co
Ludwigsburg
GE
24th Trans Co
Bamberg
GE
447th Trans Co
Kornwestheim
GE
40th Trans Co
Mannheim
GE
544th Trans Co
Heilbronn
GE
62th Trans Co
Karlsruhe
GE
590th Trans Co
Ludwigsburg
GE
63rd Trans Co
Zirndorf
GE
598th Trans Co
Kornwestheim
GE
 
27th Transportation Truck Battalion History
1949 - 1956
us_army_in_germany.PNG 27th Transportation Bn DUI
(Source: 27th Transportation Battaion, Online unit history, Briggs Library and Information Center, Fort Eustis, VA)
In September 1954(?), two National Guard truck companies that were part of the 27th Trans Bn were apparently inactivated and replaced by Regular Army units. (Can anybody confirm this and provide details on which units were involved?)
The 27th Transportation Truck Battalion was activated on 20 Jan 1949 at Giessen, in Wetzlar Military Post. This was a result of the build up of Transportation Corps trucking units in Germany during the Berlin Airlift. The battalion supported the major airlift effort by transporting supplies from the seaports to the airfields for flight to Berlin. After the end of the Airlift when the routes to Berlin were reopened, the battalion continued to support the garisson in Berlin by moving supplies by motor convoy through the Soviet Zone of Germany.

On 2 Dec 1949, HHD, 27th Trans Trk Bn was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 27th Transportation Truck Battalion.

On 1 April 1951, the Battalion was moved to Wilkin Barracks, Kornwestheim and the unit was assigned to 7th Army.

In Sept 1951, the Battalion was attached to the 10th Transportation Group (Highway Transport). The 10th was responsible for the second leg of the lines of communications (see map of first leg operated by the 37th Trans Gp) that fell within the 7th Army Area of Operations (probably from a hand-off point at Kaiserslautern or Mannheim to the garrisons and units of the 7th Army in Germany, including Berlin).

In the initial years of the Seventh Army (activated Nov 1950), the new command adopted a very aggressive training program of command and field training exercises and the 27th Trans Bn participated in most, if not all, of them, incl. FTX COMBINE, FTX MONTE CARLO, FTX POWER PLAY, FTX HARVEST MOON, CPX COUNTER THRUST I and II, CPX SUMMERTIME, FTX INDIAN SUMMER, CPX STING RAY, CPX WOLF CALL, FTX CORDON BLEU, and CPX POLO BALL.

In reviewing the USAREUR STATION List for Dec 1952 and the organization of the 148th Trans Bn (a 37th Trans Div asset stationed in Ludwigsburg), I came up with the following possible organization of the 27th Trans Bn for this period.
 
ORGANIZATION (Dec 1952 ?):

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
HHD, 27th Trans Bn Kornwestheim [1]  
10th Trans Co (Hv Trk) Ludwigsburg [1]  
12th Trans Co (Lt Trk) Kornwestheim [1]  
447th Trans Co (Lt Trk) Kornwestheim [1]  
590th Trans Co (Lt Trk) Ludwigsburg [1]  
598th Trans Co (Lt Trk) Kornwestheim [1]  
[1] STATION List, 15 Dec 1952
 
On 6 April 1953, the Battalion was reorganized and redesignated again, this time as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 27th Transportation Battalion (Truck).

The online unit history (Briggs Library and Information Center, Fort Eustis, VA) for the 27th states that two of the truck companies, both National Guard unist that were federalized at the outbreat of the Korean War and sent to Germany, were inactivated in September 1953 (prob 1954). They were most likely replaced by Regular Army units. (I would like to hear from anyone who might have additional details on this issue. One of those units could have been the 447th Trans Co.)

The online history goes on to say that, 1 October 1953, the Battalion was made of the following units:
 
ORGANIZATION (Oct 1953):

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
HHD, 27th Trans Bn Ludwigsburg [1]  
10th Trans Co (Med Trk) Ludwigsburg [1]  
24th Trans Co (Med Trk) Bamberg [1]  
63rd Trans Co (POL) Zirndorf [1]  
100th Trans Co (Med Trk) Schweinfurt [1]  
544th Trans Co (POL) Heilbronn [1]  
590th Trans Co (Lt Trk) Ludwigsburg [1]  
[1] STATION LIST, 31 Dec 1955
 
If accurate, this would indicate that there were several probable changes in that period:
HHC, 27th Trans Bn moved to Ludwigsburg; the 10th Truck Co was reorganized from a Heavy Truck to a Medium Truck outfit; the 12th, 447th and 598th Truck Co's was reassigned to different units or redesignated; the 24th , 63rd, 100th and 544th Truck Co's were assigned to the 27th.
 
The 24th, 63rd and 100th Trans Co's were located in the Bamberg-Nuernberg-Schweinfurt area and the 27th formed Detachment 1-A under the command of Major Wilbur T. Daly, Jr., Deputy Commander of the 27th, to help administer and supervise truck operations of these units. Det 1-A remained in operation until 5 December 1955 when Seventh Army relieved the battalion of the 24th, 63rd, 100th, and 544th Transportation Companies and attached the 40th (Petroleum) and the 62nd Transportation Companies at Karlsruhe to it.

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A first hand account about the 24th in Europe

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